::programme

**Location (26th-28th): History Building, 200-305**

**DAY 1 (26 March)**

**Behavior of Multi-Agent Protocols using Quantum Entanglement**

K.Y. Chen, T. Hogg, B.A. Huberman (HP Labs, USA)

**High Level Quantum Structures in Linguistics and Multi Agent Systems**

M. Sadrzadeh (University of Southampton, U.K.)

**Markov Entanglement Networks**

J. La Mura and L. Swiatczak (Leipzig Graduate School of Management, Germany)

*Morning Coffee (10:30am-11am)*

**INVITED: A presentation of Quantum Logic based on an "and then"
connective**

D. Lehmann (The Hebrew University, Israel)

**Automated Quantum Reasoning: Non Logic - Semi-Logic - Hyper-Logic**

B. Coecke (Oxford University, U.K.)

*Lunch (12:30pm-2pm)*

**Quantum Computing of Analogical Modeling of Language**

R. Skousen (Brigham Young University, USA)

**How Intelligence Evolved?**

P. Marcer and P. Rowlands (University of Liverpool, U.K.)

**Combined Symbolic and Distributional Models of Meaning**

S. Clark and S. Pulman (Oxford University, U.K.)

*Afternoon Coffee (3:30pm-4:00pm)*

**Interconnections of Quantum, Machine and Human Learning**

K. Gustafson (University of Colarado, USA)

**Scheherazades' Will: Quantum Narrative Agency**

H.T. Goranson (Echostorm Inc., USA) and B. Cardier (University of Melbourne,
AUS)

**The Form of Consciousness**

A. Duggins (Westmead Hospital, AUS)

*[Wrap-up of the day]*

**DAY 2 (27 March)**

**INVITED: Quantum mechanics and the brain**

P. Suppes (Stanford University, USA)

**Quantum-like contextual model of processing of information in the
brain**

A. Khrennikov (Växjö University, Sweden)

*Morning coffee (10:30am -11am)*

**Quantum Information Processing Explanation for Interactions between
Inferences and Decisions**

J.R. Busemeyer and Z. Wang (Indiana University, USA)

**Entangled associative structures and context**

D.L. Nelson and C.L. McEvoy (University of South Florida, USA)

**Cultural Evolution Entails (Creativity Entails (Concept Combination
Entails Quantum Structure))**

L. Gabora (University of British Columbia, Canada)

*Lunch (12:30pm - 2:00pm)*

**Quantum Theory and the Nature of Search**

S. Arafat and C. J van Rijsbergen (University of Glasgow, U.K.)

**Exploring a Mechanics for Context Aware Information Retrieval**

M. Melucci (University of Padua, Italy)

**Quantum Information Dynamics and Open World Science**

D. Widdows (Maya Design) and P.D. Bruza (Queensland University of Technology,
AUS)

*Afternoon Coffee (3:30pm-4:00pm)*

**Taken outside the domain of direct quantum mechanical effects, can
QM only serve as an analogy?**

[Panelists: Prof. P. Suppes, Dr. E. Rieffel. Prof. D. Lehmann, Prof. W.Lawless,
Prof. C.J. van Rijsbergen, Prof. J. Busemeyer, Prof. D. Nelson]

*[Wrap-up of the day]*

**DAY 3 (28 March)**

**INVITED: Certainty and uncertainty in quantum information processing**

E. Rieffel (FX Palo Alto Laboratory, USA)

**Quantum Causal Networks**

K.B. Laskey (George Mason University, USA)

*Morning coffee(10:30am-11:00am)*

**Quantum-like model (Bohmian) for traders of financial market**

O. Choustova (Växjö University, Sweden)

**Quantum Econophysics. **

E. Guevara (Politécnica Nacional, Ecuador)

**A Survey of Possible Uses of Quantum Mechanical Concepts in Financial
Economics**

E. Haven (University of Essex, U.K.)

**Submission Guidelines**

The connection to AI should be clearly specified. Papers that
address some or all of the following QM topics and its application to AI and
Information Technology will be considered favourably:

• Hilbert spaces

• Qubits (the superposition of “off” and “on”
states)

• Superposition and interference (constructive and destructive)

• Entanglement

• Quantum collapse

• Measurement properties (observables or eigenstates)

• Measurement paradox (measuring one aspect of entangled objects determines
the other, losing significant information in the process)

• Bistability or dual phenomena (multiple energy states; action-observation
couples; multiple cultures; multiple word definitions-usages;).

• Quantum agents; quantum multi-agent systems; quantum robots.

Papers should also address one or more content areas by specifying the relevance to AI or how AI may be used to solve a specific content area (especially prized will be those papers with a plan to craft quantum agents, systems or robots with methods that merge AI and QM in addressing these topics):

• Language

• Cognition and Brain (attention, pauses)

• Information retrieval and processing

• Biology (e.g., neural or mental processing; biology systems)

• Political Science

• Illusions (bistable visual, auditory or other dual perceptual phenomena)

• Entertainment (e.g., the relationship between consciousness and the
mental phenomenon of media to entrain human observers)

• Social Interaction

• Organizations ( including corporations; also processes such as mergers;
and end results such as culture, ethnicity, etc.)

•Other (possible topics: traffic congestion; conceptual complexity;
environmental disasters; and environmental contamination cleanup decisions;
creativity; social power)

**Format**

Potential participants are invited to submit either a**
full paper (up to eight pages)** addressing these and related concepts
or a **position paper (upto four pages)** outlining their relevant
research activities and how they would like to contribute to the symposium.
Submissions will be judged by at least two referees on technical merit and
on potential to provoke active discussions.

Submissions, in PDF format, should be sent no later than 6 October
2006 to **p.bruza@qut.edu.au** using the subject line "QI'07
Submission". All submissions should conform to the AAAI style format.

*The organizers are considering having
a number of accepted papers expanded** and revised for possible
inclusion in a special journal issue or in a book volume.*

Typesetting instructions can be found at: http://www.aaai.org/Publications/Author/formatting-instructions.pdf

Further notes for authors can be located at : http://www.aaai.org/Publications/Author/author.php

::home

The organizers of this symposium are interested in combining the theory of Quantum Mechanics and AI. Quantum Mechanics (QM) is emerging from physics into non-quantum domains such as human language, cognition, information retrieval, biology, political science, organizations, and AI. The QM model has already been applied to the social interaction; e.g., Quantum Game Theory.

This symposium will bring together researchers interested in:

(1) application of QM inspired methods to more efficiently solve AI problems in non-quantum domains;

(2) application of AI to quantum domains, such as implementation of AI techniques on a quantum computer;

(3) or use of QM with AI to address previously unsolved problems in other fields.

The organizers are also interested in whether a QM approach to AI can be supported by field results in a specific content area; e.g., non-monotonic reasoning (NMR), or organizational decision-making.

::people

Organizers

Peter Bruza, Queensland University of Technology, Australia
(p.bruza@qut.edu.au)

William Lawless, Paine College, USA (lawlessw@mail.paine.edu)

C. J. van Rijsbergen, University of Glasgow, UK (keith@dcs.gla.ac.uk)

Don Sofge, Navy Center for Applied Research in AI, USA (don.sofge@nrl.navy.mil)

Program Committee

Badredine Arfi (University of Florida)

Jerome Busemeyer (Indiana University)

Teresa Castelao (Grand Valley State University)

Laurent Chaudron (ONERA-CERT)

Bob Coecke (Oxford University)

Kurt Engesser (University of Konstanz)

Liane Gabora (University of British Columbia)

Andre Khrennikov (Växjö University)

Michael Leyton (Rutgers University)

Jorge Louca (ISCTE)

Shimon Malin (Colgate University)

Massimo Melucci (University of Padua)

Stephen Pullman (Oxford University)

Ian Turner (Queensland University of Technology)

Dominic Widdows (Maya Corp.)

Alexander Wilce (Susquehanna University)

John Woods (University of British Columbia)

::comments

**Comments**

Why "only" an analogy? Analogies are all we have; they are the basis of science. Quantum mechanics is a _theory_ that _models_ physical effects. So the answer is no, quantum mechanics cannot serve as more than an analogy, a model, outside or even within quantum mechanical effects. A more interesting question is "Can quantum theory be a _useful_ analogy outside of quantum effects?" We need to refine this question before answering it.

Quantum mechanics provides a predictive model for most physical effects (those where general relativistic effects can be ignored) including those we think of as classical effects. However, for classical effects, it is often more helpful to use a classical model: we still teach and use Newtonian mechanics. So aside from quantum effects (which I take to mean a certain class of physical effects), are there domains in which quantum theory is needed, where there isn't a satisfactory and simpler classical theory?

I do not fully know the answer, but I do know that it is rare,
much rarer than many people think. Somehow quantum mechanics has run away
with many mysteries that rightly belong to probability or classical physics
as well.

* Uncertainty principles occur in the classical theory of waves: see any signal
processing book.

* Probability theory includes "collapse" of distributions as a result
of observation.

* Tensor products are inherent in joint probability distributions; the source
of much mistaken intuition about probability theory results from attempts
to place the more familiar direct product structure on what is a tensor product
structure.

* Highly unintuitive correlations (but not entanglement) are seen in probability
theory. The many probabilistic puzzles, like the Monty Hall Problem (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monty_Hall_problem)
or the probability of having a disease given a positive test outcome, are
examples.

I will discuss all of these issues in more detail in my talk tomorrow.

With regard to the need for quantum mechanics being rarer than many people think, and in particular the confusion between correlation and entanglement, let me mention one example since it seems to be frequently cited by some people here. As I explained to the authors in e-mail, there is a fatal flaw in the examples contained in Aerts et al. 2000 "Violation of Bell inequalities in the macroworld." The examples do not satisfy the "no signaling" - the assumption that the choice of experiment on one side must not affect the probability of the outcomes of any experiment done on the other side. Thus these examples are not true violations of Bell's inequalities, and therefore are not examples of entanglement. Let me stress that this comment does not diminish the value of any of the cognitive models based on this work; if the model was a good model for cognition before, it remains one. It just isn't a quantum model, but there is nothing inherently superior about quantum models compared to other models.

Returning to the general question, it is clear that notation
and frameworks originally developed for quantum mechanics can be useful in
other fields. For example, Dirac's bra/ket notation can aid other applications
of linear algebra, and the density operator formalism clarifies issues in
probability theory. But the use of this notation does not mean that the model
is quantum mechanical. Occasionally a quantum framework is the right way to
view what had been thought to be a purely classical problem. I'll give two
beautiful examples tomorrow, one in classical complexity theory, the other
to the security classical public key encryption protocols.

::schedule

Important Dates

Oct 06, 2006: Submissions due. Submit to **p.bruza@qut.edu.au**

Nov 03, 2006: Acceptance/rejection notices are mailed out.

Dec 01, 2006: Graduate student travel grant application due.

Jan 15, 2007: Acceptance/rejection notices for student travel mailed out.

Jan 26,2007: Fax "Permission to Distribute" and A/V requests to +1 650-321-4457.

Jan 26, 2007: Submit camera-ready versions via the AAAI web site.

Feb 09, 2007: Registration deadline.

Mar 26, 2007: Start of the symposium.

Mar 28,2007: End of the symposium.

Student Funding

The symposium offers limited funds to assist with travel expenses
for graduate students who have their submissions accepted. To be considered
for partial funding, please send an application to the symposium chair by
01 December 2006, including:

-your academic resume;

-one paragraph statement of interest;

-one paragraph statement of support written by your supervisor;

-detailed budget for your travel expenses.

For general information about the AAAI Symposia click here